This reauthorization also established the Community Prevention Grants program, also referred to as the Incentive Grants for Local Delinquency Prevention, under Title V to encourage prevention efforts at the local level.
This Title V program was designed to encourage local leaders to assess the risk factors in their neighborhoods and develop and implement data-driven delinquency prevention strategies.
10 The Federal Role We now turn our attention to the role that the federal government can play in promoting more developmentally appropriate juvenile justice policies and practices.
We focus specifically on the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), the congressionally mandated lead agency for juvenile justice.
The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) of 1974 replaced previous legislation and established the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) within the Department of Justice to oversee efforts in the United States to prevent juvenile delinquency and improve the quality of juvenile justice (Matsuda and Foley, 1981).
states’ efforts to comply with the requirements of JJDPA and improve their juvenile justice programs.
The Children’s Advocacy Centers are funded under VOCA to provide assistance for the investigation, treatment, and prosecution of child abuse cases.
In the 1992 reauthorization of JJDPA, reducing DMC was elevated to a fourth core requirement tied to formula and block funds.In addition, new language in the reauthorization directed states to use formula funds to identify gaps and biases in their systems in regard to gender-specific services.The increasing involvement of young women in the juvenile justice system was a significant concern at this time.This chapter reviews the history of OJJDP, its relevant portfolio, its current status, and presents the committee’s views about the agency’s future role in promoting and facilitating juvenile justice reform.THE HISTORY OF OJJDP OJJDP is the only federal agency specifically directed to develop and disseminate knowledge to the juvenile justice field and to assist states in improving their systems.The Division of Juvenile Delinquency Services was created under the Children’s Bureau 40 years later.